Journalistic Text – Concept, objectives, genres and examples

We explain what a journalistic text is and its main objectives. In addition, the journalistic genres that exist and examples.

journalistic text
The journalistic text is derived from journalism or social communication.

What is a journalistic text?

When we talk about a journalistic text we refer to a writing (generally, although it can also be an auditory or audiovisual text), which is derived from the professional practice of journalism or social communication, that is, we speak of a text whose purpose is to update the reader regarding an event or information that could be of particular interest to public opinion.

This link between journalistic texts and current events and important events characterize them and distinguish them, for example, from texts typical of literature and philosophical professions, the reading of which obeys criteria of entertainment, intellectual training or study.

The journalistic text, on the other hand, is considered a way of acquiring recent information that, precisely, loses validity with the passage of time, which does not happen with literature and philosophy.

It is due to the latter that the journalistic texts they are usually printed massively in more or less economical and disposable material, since they will not be saved for rereading, but will be discarded once the texts contained therein lose their immediate validity.

This, of course, does not occur in newspaper databases or newspaper archives, where published press material is archived and classified for review by future researchers.

Objective of a journalistic text

journalistic text
One goal of a news story is to provide the reader with information to make an opinion.

Broadly speaking, the objective of a journalistic text is, as we have said, to inform. That is, to update your eventual readers regarding what is happening, provide them with information so that they can form an opinion on something, move them before some little-known reality, alert about risk events, and other similar public interest purposes.

This is better understood if we think that the journalistic text is a descendant of those communiqués that in times of the Roman Empire They were posted on the walls to inform the public of Caesar’s decisions or recent political changes and war events, so that everyone knew what laws to abide by and, often, who now governed them.

Journalistic genres

opinion text
The genre of opinion responds to the ways of thinking of its authors.

Journalism is exercised through the production of different types of text, both written and of another nature (audiovisual, auditory), so these texts are usually classified according to intention with which they approach the reader, as follows:

  • Informative genres. Texts whose mission is to impart in an objective, impartial and exhaustive manner information of public interest, generally news or current. For example: the news and the report.
  • Genres of opinion. Texts that analyze, interpret or propose ways of understanding an event of public interest, or even another text itself, responding to the ways of thinking of its authors. For example: editorials and opinion pieces.
  • Hybrid genres. Texts that combine the desire for information with personal opinion, or with other more subjective approaches, even literary ones, resorting to a bit of fiction. For example: interviews and journalistic reports.

Examples of journalistic texts

Some examples of journalistic text are the following:

  • News:

The nightmare of attacks on America’s schools never seems to end. A shooting Friday morning at a high school in Santa Fe, Texas, left “multiple fatalities,” authorities say. There is talk of at least between 8 and 10 deaths. Explosives were also found in the educational center.

(Excerpt from a news item published in the Argentine newspaper Clarion on 05/18/2018)

  • Interview:

Rafael Cadenas is the author of classics such as The Exile Notebooks (1960) and False maneuvers (1966), the book that includes “Defeat” -. They followedOutdoor, Memorial(both from 1977),Lover(1983) andManagement(1992). “I know that this title seems like a book on administration,” explains the poet, “but it spoke of other, psychic steps.”

(Excerpt from an interview published in the Spanish newspaperThe countryas of 10/17/2014)

  • Chronicle:

The fear of an earthquake similar to the one that occurred on September 19, 1985 was experienced this Thursday night in the streets of Mexico City and other parts of the Republic during the 8.2-degree earthquake that had Tonalá, Chiapas as its epicenter.

Around 11:50 p.m. the seismic alert began to sound in the capital; in the center of Mexico City the buildings were evicted, people ran to get away from the tall buildings and avoid being the victim of a collapse.

After a false alert sounded last Wednesday, most thought it was something similar; However, when I began to feel the movement and when I saw some blue and green lightning, the memory of the earthquake of 85 began in some, mainly in the elderly.

“Run, this is an earthquake”, “stay away from the buildings, they are going to fall”, “the buildings are creaking”, were some of the shouts of the people who were looking for a space free of real estate.

(Excerpt from a chronicle published in the Mexican newspaperThe universalon 09/08/2017)