Participation Concept – In politics, finance, education and more

We explain what participation is in the political, social, financial and class fields. Also, what is participatory democracy?

Participation occurs when an individual joins a community.

What is participation?

By the word participation we can refer to many different things in many different areas. Its origin dates back to the Latin term participatio, derived from the verb I will participate, in turn composed of the voices pars (“Part”) and capere (“Take” or “grab”). Therefore, in its current meanings, this word is always related to the fact that join a group, join a group or take part in something.

In fact, if we search for the word take part In the Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, we will notice how its first four meanings refer to similar situations: an individual joins a community, or is assigned a portion of a collective patrimony. That is why when we speak of participation, we generally refer to social, economic and political issues, in which the relationship between the individual and the community appears.

Political participation

Political participation is the area in which the relationship between the individual and the group is most evident: it is the exercise of politics by the general public, that is, of the set of actions that the people can carry out directly or indirectly to influence the political decisions made by their representatives, and thus take part in important decisions for their own well-being.

Political participation is fundamental to the health of any government system, and it is put into practice through different conventional mechanisms, the main of which is suffrage: elections, referendums and / or plebiscites through which the population exercises its opinion on issues of political representation and administrative decisions.

There are, however, other forms of political participation, such as town councils or popular initiative, in which the citizenry assumes the reins of political leadership much more directly and openly.

Participatory democracy

It makes sense to address, having said the above, participatory democracy, which consists of a more inclusive and direct democratic model than traditional representative democracy, in which the people elect those who will govern in their name.

In participatory democracy (as its name reflects) the margins of political participation of the collective are much greater, although without reaching the standards of direct democracy, in which it is the citizens themselves, without the need for intermediaries, who exercise the leadership. politics.

Thus, in a participatory democracy, the aim is to create an institutional model closer to the people, in which community supervision and the different mechanisms of popular consultation force politics to focus on people’s real problems, and thus not disconnect from the real basic needs.

Social or citizen participation

citizen participation types
Social participation does not require the intervention of State institutions.

When we speak of social participation or citizen participation, on the other hand, we refer to the set of social initiatives in which the population can take part, without the need for a political career and without the intermediation of the State institutions, or at least not directly.

It is a more or less broad concept, in which political parties, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), social movements and even local groups, such as neighborhood associations or neighborhood development societies, have a place. In these spaces the community is organized to be able to actively defend their interests both against private actors and against the State itself.

Participation in finance

In the financial and economic sphere, we speak of participation to refer to a form of investment in which funds are incorporated into the capital of the company, personally and without thereby acquiring obligations regarding personal assets (in the event of debts or bankruptcy). This form of investment is different from buying shares.

On the other hand, this term is also used to refer to the amount of money that each participant grants to an investment fund, hoping to see their money multiplied in the future.

Class participation

Participation in class is one of the aspects of school evaluation that are usually left to the teacher’s judgment, that is, they depend on their reading of the student’s attitude in the framework of the class. In this, both the presence (obviously), as well as the the willingness to take an active part in the learning, to do the activities and, in general, to join the group that makes up the classroom.

Class participation can be evaluated with different percentages and scores within the total evaluation of the subject, depending mainly on whether it is more practical or theoretical subjects.