Research Project – Concept, parts and examples

We explain what a research project is and the parts that make it up. Also, the steps to make one and examples.

investigation project
A research project is a report prior to conducting experiments.

What is a research project?

It is understood by research project a methodological document, often academic, which explains and describes in detail the set of procedures that will be undertaken, the hypothesis pursued with them and the bibliographic support available, for an exploration to come in a specific area of ​​knowledge: science, science social, humanities, etc. It is a specialized report prior to conducting experiments or documentary reviews.

Research projects are usually used in the academic and scientific-technological fields, since they are areas that basically train researchers and that have funded projects to develop a particular area of ​​human knowledge.

Commonly research projects are evaluated by a specialized and impartial jury, who must decide whether the researcher or group of them proposes a possible, valuable and worthy investigation to confer a university degree or a financing quota (and even both).

Graduate theses, in this sense, are usually preceded by a research project where it is made clear what is intended to be done and how.

Parts of a research project

investigation project
In a research project the objectives must be specifically explained.

Typically, a research project contains most of the following items:

  • Tentative title. A working name of the research, tentatively summarizing the topic to be addressed and the focus.
  • Problem Statement. An introduction to the research topic, emphasizing the most relevant aspects for it and the questions to be solved.
  • Background. A review of previous research on the same or similar topics, explaining how it differs and what aspects are inherited from them.
  • Justification. Closely linked to the above, it gives a perspective on how much research will contribute to the field of knowledge in which it is inserted and why it should be financed or taken into account.
  • Theoretical framework. A relationship between the theoretical content and the steps of the investigation, detailing the axes on which it will be based, the theoretical sources to which it will draw and why.
  • Objectives. Here the general objective of the investigation, its primary and central role, and then also the specific objectives, that is, secondary, linked to each stage of the investigation will be explained.
  • Methodological framework. A list of the procedures and practical steps to follow during the investigation, provided with explanations regarding the procedures themselves: why choose one type of experiment over another, detail a work schedule, a budget relationship, etc.
  • Bibliographic references. It details the bibliographic content consulted, whether it provided citations and key texts, or it only served to create a frame of reference for the research.

Steps to develop a research project

Broadly speaking, the steps to develop a project should be:

  • Define the theme. It cannot begin to be investigated without having at least some coordinates regarding what it is that interests us and why. At this point personal passions come into play.
  • Make a bibliographic Achaean. Review everything said on the subject, the main authors, compile material, refine the sources to which you will go and give them a first reading.
  • Define the objectives. Once you know what has been said about it, you can choose your own path, a series of questions that trigger the investigation.
  • Define the method. It refers to choosing which authors to work with, in what way, with what experiments, what type of research to carry out, etc.
  • Prepare the report. Write the sections of the project and check that they express the desired points of view.

Research project example

  • Tentative title of the investigation

The figure of the beggar in 19th century French literature

  • Problem Statement

French literature of the nineteenth century is heir to the Enlightenment and therefore sticks to the realistic school, trying to reflect the problems of the real and everyday world. In this context, the beggar emerges as a figure freed from social pressure and capable of making judgments, in which the author’s own thought could be reflected.

  • Background

In most approaches to literary realism, attention is paid to the figure of the social outcasts: beggars and prostitutes. This is what the critic Pinkster (1992) does in his book on Baudelaire’s poems dedicated to poverty, among other critics of interest.

  • Justification

Understanding the correlation between the beggar and the 19th century French author will give us clues regarding the history of the notion of “author” in the West and its entry into crisis at the beginning of the 20th century, which could explain the emergence of the avant-garde, among them surrealism, born in France itself.

  • Theoretical framework

The work of Pinkster (1992) et. al., as well as books The beggar as a universal archetype (Fourier, 2007) and the works of Charles Baudelaire, Jean Barnaby Amé and Alphonse Allais, which will be our corpus of study.

  • objectives

– Course objective: To verify the discursive meaning of the character of the beggar in three French authors of the 19th century.

– Specific objectives:

a.- Demonstrate the recurrence of the figure of the beggar.

b.- Review the speech put into the mouth of the beggar taking into account the political context of the time.

c.- Check what was found with the opinions expressed by the authors.

  • Methodological framework

The works will be read and the findings will be critically collated. Then an explanatory monograph will be written.

  • Bibliography

– Pinkster, E. (1992). 19th century French literature.

– Fourier, M. (2007). The beggar as a universal archetype.