Thesis – Concept, structure, types of thesis and examples

We explain what a thesis is and what the structure of this research work is like. Also, some topics for thesis and what is a thesis.

A thesis consists of a dissertation and testing of previously established hypotheses.

What is a thesis?

A thesis is understood, in the academic world, to a research work usually monographic or investigative, which consists of a dissertation and verification of previously established hypotheses, to demonstrate an analytical capacity and the handling of research procedures.

Most academic degrees are awarded after the preparation, defense and approval of a degree thesis. Its elaboration usually involves months of investigative work in a specific area of ​​knowledge, exposed in a document of about one hundred to one hundred and fifty pages, where the procedure is detailed and the results are shown, using graphics or support material if necessary.

However, in a thesis also there is room for the author’s own opinions and elaborations, so it is an original written work, which makes a specific contribution to the field of organized knowledge.

Its name comes from the Greek word for “proposition”, thesis. Scientific argumentation was known by that name in the past, and it is preserved today despite the fact that the appearance of the scientific method during the European Renaissance forever changed the way we conceive science and knowledge.

Structure of a thesis

A thesis must have the author’s own results and analysis.

Although its characteristics vary according to the field of research approached, a thesis is usually structured as follows:

  • Preliminaries. Everything that precedes the investigation itself, such as the cover, the summary of the investigation (for references), the content indexes, the dedication, acknowledgments and, finally, a general introduction to the subject that is proposed to be addressed.
  • Background. A contextual explanation regarding the state of the matter at the time of initiating the research work, taking into account what was said by previous authors and the results of previous research.
  • Methodology used. Where they explain what data and sources were used, what research or experimentation methods, depending on the field, and what is the theoretical framework or central hypothesis of the research.
  • Results. Here the author’s own results are presented, with their respective analysis to know what they mean, what they say, and a discussion that eventually leads to conclusions.
  • Conclusions and limitations. Where the contributions of the research to the field of specific knowledge are explained, and the warnings for future researchers.
  • Bibliographic references. Here the books and materials consulted throughout the investigation are detailed with all their complete editorial data.
  • Appendices. All the tables, graphs, images, charts, etc. are ordered in this segment. that help to understand the results.

Thesis topics

Choosing a thesis topic is the first essential step to carry it out. A researcher must be very clear about the north to which he points and the hypotheses that he intends to question or demonstrate. For this, the most common recommendations are:

  • A passionate topic. This is elementary: if your thesis topic bores you, it will bore you more to endure it for a hundred pages, and it will bore even more to those who read it. Passion and commitment are essential when writing a thesis.
  • Narrow the subject well. Defining what is going to be studied is vital. The topics can be very broad and diverse, and the generalities do not serve to tread on firm ground.
  • Check the background well. It may be that a previous investigation has already done what you propose, but different, or that it gives you a novel approach to the subject, or that it shows you that it is not really what you want. The first thing is to see what there is about it.
  • Consider the professional contribution. You should be able to talk about your thesis topic in the future, without feeling that you wasted time or that it was a whim that has nothing to do with your future professional development.

Thesis and dissertation

A thesis must be able to demonstrate and put into practice the knowledge acquired.

Both thesis and thesis are research expressed in writing through a monographic document and with the aspiration of contributing something to the field of studies or at least demonstrating the knowledge acquired and its implementation.

The thesis, however, is usually much less demanding, complex and extensive than a thesis, devoid of the need for a step-by-step demonstration of the procedure, and with a much more limited approach. An ordinary thesis does not exceed twenty or thirty pages, while a thesis easily exceeds one hundred.

Thesis examples

  • Example 1: “Theoretical-methodological proposal to evaluate the services of the archives from a study of users. Unit of analysis: municipal archives ”. By Silvia Acosta, Elia Íncer and Adriana Mena. Presented at the University of Costa Rica, to obtain the degree of Bachelor of History. Costa Rica, 2006.
  • Example 2: “Poverty, socialization and social mobility”. By Sonia Rocha Reza. Presented at the Universidad Iberoamericana to obtain the title of Doctor of Research in Psychology. Mexico, 2007.
  • Example 3: “Foundation and design of a socio-educational intervention model from a constructivist perspective, for its application in productive or service organizations. Study of its application and observation of its impact on a company ”. By Jorge Leiva Cabanillas. Presented at the Ramón Llull University, to obtain the title of Doctor of Psychology. Spain, s / f.